High There! Welcome to our comprehensive resource to everything CBD. In this article, we’ve got answers to all your questions about CBD, and more resources for you to check out as well along the way.
Note from the author: I’ve done the best I can to keep this both (a) as easy to understand as possible while (b) still being as accurate and informative as possible. If you’re new to cannabis or CBD, some of this might seem overwhelming at first. And that’s okay because there is a lot to learn! If something doesn’t make sense or you aren’t finding the information you need in one of the related articles, please reach out to me in the High There app and I’ll do my best to get you an answer. I’ll also be sure to update this article as we learn more about CBD and cannabis in general. Enjoy!
None of this content is to be treated as medical advice. This is meant to be a round-up of everything we currently know about CBD, and while we may discuss possible health benefits, you should always do your own research and always consult a doctor before using any type of CBD product. None of the following statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This article is not intended to be used to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. Okay, game time!
So, What Exactly is CBD?
CBD, which is short for cannabidiol, [canna-Bih-die-all] is a non-psychoactive molecule in a family of compounds
Wait, slow down – what are Cannabinoids?
Cannabinoids, often also referred to as phytocannabinoids (the prefix phyto- meaning it was produced by plants), are chemical compounds almost exclusively produced by the Cannabis sativa plant (there are a handful of other plants that
What classifies a compound as a cannabinoid? It’s a pretty literal definition: a cannabinoid is any compound that acts on our bodies’ own endocannabinoid system. The endocannabinoid system is just one of many neurotransmitting pathways that helps our bodies and brains function properly. The endocannabinoid system was discover after cannabinoids were discovered in cannabis, hence the
There are over 100 different
So you’re telling me the human body also makes cannabinoids?
Our bodies naturally produce our own molecules that react within our
Yep, we make our own in the Endocannabinoid System
The endocannabinoid system is a complex biological system that we are still learning much about. What we do know, is that it plays a crucial role in
There are two primary receptors of the endocannabinoid system which you will hear about: CB1 Receptors and CB2 Receptors. CB1 receptors are located primarily in the brain, while CB2 receptors are spread out
THC vs CBD
Unlike CBD, THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) is a psychoactive cannabinoid, meaning it changes brain function, and is prevalent in most marijuana/cannabis strains.
So does CBD get you high?
CBD, unlike THC, acts only on CB2 receptors of the endocannabinoid system, not the CB1 receptors. So, CBD does not have an intoxicating effect. Remember – CB2 receptors aren’t found in the brain, so it can’t get you high! What it can do is, well, still up for debate to be quite honest. A lot of research is still required into CBD and what it does, as the actual exact mechanism of action of CBD on our bodies is
Okay, and you said earlier CBD comes from the cannabis plant? Or the hemp plant?
So, yes – to both questions, because technically, cannabis and hemp are the same plant. Cannabis sativa is the scientific name of both the marijuana plant and the hemp plant. Cannabis is the genus, and sativa is the species name. Yep, that’s right – both marijuana and hemp are actually the same plant, they are just
I need to add a disclaimer here as well, that the genetic research into cannabis, hemp, indica and sativa and ruderalis is ongoing and being constantly updated. For our purposes, the above are good definitions to work with.
So what’s the difference between hemp and cannabis?
If you asked a cannabis grower or hemp farmer, they’d have a much more specific description of the difference between the two plants, but the two are typically categorized using a legal definition:
Another Quick Note: Marijuana
If you’re having trouble wrapping your head around the difference between hemp and cannabis, it may help to think about it with this example:
Did you know that cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, brussel sprouts, kale, and collard greens
Is CBD Legal?
Again, this is a slightly complicated question. At the time of writing this article, CBD extracted from marijuana or cannabis remains a Schedule 1 Controlled Substance in the United States. However, the 2018 Farm Bill did make it legal to sell some hemp and hemp derived products. And therefore…
CBD extracted from hemp (remember, hemp = cannabis with <0.3%THC) is legal as a cosmetics ingredient, but not as an ingredient in food, dietary supplements or animal food.
While you are likely seeing CBD being marketed for various uses, it’s only legal as a cosmetics ingredient, and
Okay, and What is CBD Oil? Is that different than CBD?
CBD is locked up in the plant in an inactive form, with a bunch of other naturally occurring compounds like fiber, waxes, chlorophyll and terpenes. When we extract CBD from hemp or cannabis, it doesn’t come out like an oil. It’s super-concentrated, and fat-soluble (won’t mix with water) and so it needs to be diluted into a carrier oil such as MCT oil, which is then what we call CBD oil. CBD isolate in its purest form is actually a white crystalline powder.
What is full spectrum CBD oil?
Again, if CBD isolate is the purest form of CBD – think refined olive oil – then full spectrum CBD is the extra virgin olive oil of CBD extract. Full spectrum CBD
What is broad spectrum CBD oil?
Broad spectrum oil is very similar to full spectrum, but they’ve just further refined the product to remove any traces of THC. If you’re worried about there being any THC in your full spectrum oil, but still want the terpenes, this is the one for you.
Is Hemp Oil the Same as CBD Oil?
So for this one, it depends who you ask. In general though, hemp oil typically refers to hempseed oil, the oil made by crushing the seeds of hemp or cannabis , extracting the fats from the seeds. There’s essentially zero CBD in hemp oil, or hemp seed oil.
Hemp derived CBD oil, is a different story. Remember, for CBD to be legal it needs to be hemp derived, but compared to hempseed oil, CBD oil is made by extracting the CBD, other cannabinoids and other compounds of the plant’s flowers and leaves. If it helps, you can think about it like getting the essential oils out of hemp the same way you would peppermint essential oil from mint leaves.
You mentioned CBD Isolate earlier, what exactly is that?
CBD isolate is the purest form of cannabidiol you can get your hands on, it’s only CBD and that’s it. Since there is a minute amount of THC in hemp, CBD isolate has been refined to the point that there is no chance there’s any THC in it. There are a few different extraction methods to first extract CBD and other cannabinoids from the hemp/cannabis plant, then a handful of refining techniques as well. What you’re left with is a
What are the health benefits of CBD oil?
While we need to be careful touting CBD as a cure-all for anything that ails you, CBD does have a long list of benefits that can improve people’s lives, treating varying diseases and conditions, as well as benefiting to overall health and wellness.
CBD for Pain
CBD has been clinically shown to effectively reduce the pain response in our bodies, due to its interactions with the endocannabinoid system. CBD has been found to effectively treat the pain diseases such as arthritis, multiple sclerosis. It’s particularly popular with those suffering from chronic pain as it does not produce the same dependency and have the same side effects as many other pain-reliving drugs like opiates.
CBD For Anxiety & Depression
While the current scientific research is basically saying
CBD for Treating Epilepsy
CBD has proven extremely effective at treating severe forms of epilepsy, so much so that recently, the Food And Drug Administration (FDA) has even approved the first ever oral CBD medicine called Epidiolex, to
CBD for inflammation and Chronic Disease(s)
Chronic diseases like auto-immune disorders and inflammatory disease and even cancers, come in many shapes and forms, and are found around the world. You may find that people are treating CBD as a
Also – why are people giving CBD Oil to their dogs?
All other mammals, which includes pets such as as cats and dogs have endocannabinoid systems just like we do, and it performs the same function in their bodies as it does ours: moderating mood, appetite, inflammation and more. Our pets can suffer similar chronic diseases as us, so many people are finding that their pets are responding well and benefiting from CBD.
Are there any side effects of CBD?
CBD is widely accepted to react well with most people and considered quite safe – but it still might not be for everyone.
CBD may also interact with certain medications, so it’s important to consult a doctor before using any type of CBD. When ingested orally (if you put it in your mouth), CBD is
What’s the right dosage of CBD?
So you’re ready to try out CBD and wondering “how much CBD should I take?” That being said – it’s
What about these other CBD Products like Gummies, Tinctures, Vapes and Creams?
When considering the form of CBD products you want to use, it really depends on a few different things: why you’re using it, convenience, and availability. Because the laws differ in various places, the CBD products you can find will also vary. For example, you may be able to find hemp-derived CBD oil quite readily in your state, but not a CBD tincture or gummies. With convenience in mind, you may not always want to carry around a syringe full of full spectrum CBD extract. What you’re using CBD for will also dictate whether you buy a skin cream or an edible oil.
What do I need to look for when shopping CBD products?
There are countless new CBD brands popping up all over the place, and since it’s still not regulated by the FDA it’s important to support companies that produce trusted products. You don’t want to mess with your health! Here’s a few things to keep in mind when shopping for CBD.
Third Party Testing
The most important thing to look for when shopping for CBD is to look for any sort of Third Party Testing stamp or certification. Products like CBD oil that you’ll be ingesting should be quality assured to ensure that there are no contaminants present, such as pesticides, microbes, fungal toxins and heavy metals. Third party means that a sample of the product is sent to a lab not owned by the company itself, and provided a Certificate of Analysis (CoA) the prove that the product is pure, and safe. Contaminants can cause unwelcome side effects so you want to buy a trusted product to protect your health.
FDA Warning & Claims
CBD is not currently regulated by the FDA and only a single medicine is approved for medical use. As such, any CBD product should have a clear FDA warning, as well as a disclaimer to express that it is not intended to treat or cure any disease or provide any health benefits. These warnings are required based on the current lack of scientific evidence of CBD and its effectiveness in improving health and. The FDA
More Frequently Asked Questions:
Does CBD show up on a drug test?
CBD itself wouldn’t show up on a drug test, since they are testing for the presence of THC. However, some hemp derived CBD oils do contain both CBD and THC, albeit in trace amounts, so it is possible that certain hemp products do contain tetrahydrocannabinol, THC.
Where can I buy CBD oil?
You can currently buy CBD oil in many stores throughout the US as well as through various online retailers. Because CBD is not federally regulated, or designated for use other than in cosmetic products, you want to ensure you are buying from a trusted source.
Can I travel with CBD?
You can safely travel and fly throughout the USA with hemp derived CBD, however remember that THC is still not legal in all states. It’s also not advisable to travel with CBD anywhere outside of the USA, since many countries still do not recognize any cannabinoids as legal.
Okay, This is all great information. But, does CBD really do anything?
There is evidence of CBD helping people with the treatment of epilepsy and psychotic disorders and also shows promise as an anti-inflammatory. But the reality is, more research is required to determine what CBD can really do. However, there is evidence that CBD can, or has the potential to
So, that was likely a bit of information overload. I did warn you though – there is a still lot to learn about CBD and cannabis, both for consumers but also for doctors, researchers, law-makers, retailers, manufacturers, and the rest of us!
If you’re looking for more information, be sure to check out the High There app to join the discussion!